"Who Killed Custer -- The Eye-witness Answer" by Bruce Brown cover

Who Killed Custer? + 100 Voices
by Bruce Brown
Web book + Audio Book Bundle

Who Killed Custer? -- the book that revolutionized Little Bighorn studies -- hotlinked to 100 Voices -- the largest and most complete collection of eye-witness accounts of the Battle of the Little Bighorn anywhere, in any form! Includes Who Killed Custer? Audio Book too!


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100 Voices: Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapahoe, Crow, Arikara and American Eye-witness accounts of the Battle of the Little Bighorn

100 Voices: Full List * Crow/Arikara * Sioux/Cheyenne * American * Rosebud

Guided Tours: Crazy Horse at the Little Bighorn * Crazy Horse at the Rosebud

Features: Who Killed Custer? * Who Killed Custer? Audio Book
Features: Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger * Winter Count of Crazy Horse's Life
Features: Bogus Crazy Horse Photos * Unsung 7th Cavalry Scouts Saga
Features: Indian Battlefield Tactics * Woman Warriors
* Little Bighorn Maps
Features: U.S. Medal of Honor Winners * U.S. Atrocities * Indian Atrocities
Features:
Little Bighorn Mysteries * Virtual Museum

Source materials for "Conversations With Crazy Horse" by Bruce Brown

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...

Crazy Horse in Action...
Overview

by Bruce Brown

 

Crazy Horse by Bruce BrownYOU HAVE BEFORE you a veritable feast of eye-witness information on the Battle Of The Greasy Grass and the Battle Where The Girl Saved Her Brother, both fought in the Great Sioux Nation in the Month Of Ripenning Berries in the Year They Killed Long Hair, or what the Americans call the battles of the Little Bighorn and Rosebud, fought in what the Americans call Montana in June 1876.

Here, for the first time, are the 54 crucial eye-witness contributions to the story of the Little Bighorn -- together with the 40 crucial eye-witness contributions to the story of the Rosebud -- from the standpoint of the great Oglala Sioux war chief Crazy Horse. These eye-witness accounts by survivors are presented in chronological order -- like beads on a string -- as indicated by their numerical sequence and their gray background arrows.

Together they form a narrative of the battle told entirely in the words of Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crow, Arikara and American survivors.

Astonisher.com is also pleased to present extensive eye-witness accounts of Crazy Horse's military exploits against the Crow, Shoshone, Arapaho, Ute and others, as well as the largest and most complete collection anywhere of eye-witness accounts of Crazy Horse's appearance, dream visions, women, etc. Enjoy!

September 12, 2008
Updated June 24, 2010

Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...

Timeline: The Little Bighorn

Sioux, Cheyenne and American...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
presented in chronological order, beginning just before the battle...

   


Free Sample from Bruce Brown's 100 Voices
1. Spotted Calf
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse declined to join the celebration on the night of June 17, 1876 after his great victory at the Battle of the Rosebud because he said he expected another battle with the Americans soon...

 


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2. Two Moon
Cheyenne war chief

Crazy Horse welcomed battle with the American invaders...

 


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3. He Dog
Sioux war chief

On the morning of June 25, 1876, Sioux scout Fast Horn brought word to Crazy Horse and the other free Sioux and Cheyenne war chiefs that Custer's troops were at the Crow's Nest at dawn, only a few hours ride from the Indians' village on the Little Bighorn River...


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4. Foolish Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse scrambled a party of Cheyenne decoy/scouts to intercept and engage the American soldiers, if they approached the village...

 


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5. Yellow Nose
Cheyenne holy man

Crazy Horse and Yellow Nose were bathing in the Little Bighorn River "about noon"on June 25, 1876 when they heard shots, announcing Reno's attack and the beginning the battle...


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6. Red Feather
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse couldn't find his horse...


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7. William Bordeaux
Sioux chronicler

Crazy Horse seemed uncharacteristically "nervous" after the American attack on the village began, and "rode in a feverish manner to the lodges of the various tribal leaders for brief talks with them..."


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8. Standing Bear
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse's warriors became "impatient..."


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9. Horn Chips
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse consulted with Soux holy man Long Turd...


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10. William
Bordeaux

Sioux chronicler

Crazy Horse was again "his cool and wary self..."


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11. Edward Godfrey
American officer

Crazy Horse rode through the village calling, "All who want to fight, follow me..."


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12. Billy Garnett
American Indian Agency interpreter

Before joining the battle, Crazy Horse addressed his warriors, "the best fighting element" among the Sioux and Cheyenne forces. Crazy Horse told his men to "restrain their ardor" and obey his commands...


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13. Billy Garnett
American Indian Agency interpreter

Crazy Horse told his warriors "he wanted Reno's men to get their guns hot so they wouldn't fire so well..."


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14. William
Bordeaux

Sioux chronicler

Crazy Horse told his warriors to remember "the lives of our women and children are in danger..."


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15. Red Hawk
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse told his warriors: "Do your best and let us kill them all..."


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16. William
Bordeaux

Sioux chronicler

Crazy Horse told his warriors: "As soon as you are mounted, follow me toward the river..."


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17. Red Feather
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse was late getting into the Reno fight...


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18. Ohiyesa
Sioux chronicler

Gall, Rain In The Face and Crow King led the Indians in the early fighting against Reno, halting the American advance and then forcing Reno's men to fall back into the timber along the Little Bighorn River...


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19. Charles Windolph
American soldier

Marcus Reno was standing in the timber confering with his lead scout, Bloody Knife, when Bloody Knife "was shot through the head and his brains scattered over Reno..."

Thomas French
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20. Thomas French
American officer

Moments later, French warned Reno, "the Indians are in our rear..."


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21. Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Reno had just retreated into the timber when Black Elk heard the "thunder of the ponies charging" and the cry "Crazy Horse is coming!"


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22. Iron Hawk
Sioux warrior

"Crazy Horse, having collected his warriors, made a dash for the soldiers in the timber and ran into them..."


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23. Standing Bear
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse's first charge of the battle "broke Reno's left wing" in the timber...


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24. Young Hawk
Arikara Scout

"The Dakota attack doubled up the line from the left and pushed this line back toward the soldiers. They all retreated back across the river..."


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25. Red Feather
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse rode among the fleeing soldiers...


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26. Flying Hawk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse killed many American soldiers as they ran for their lives...


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27. Daniel Kanipe
American soldier

Meanwhile, Custer separated from Reno to charge after some Indians along the ridge above the river, possibly Crazy Horse's Cheyenne decoys...


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28. Foolish Elk
Sioux warrior

The Indians fighting Reno saw Custer's troops charge along the ridge and fire down into the village...


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29. Red Horse
Sioux war chief

"Word passed among the Indians like a whirlwind" that Custer was riding to attack the other end of the village...


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30. Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Disengaging from Reno, Crazy Horse turned to attack Custer, which he predicted would be the "big fight"...


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31. Foolish Elk
Sioux warrior

Meanwhile, Crazy Horse's decoy/scouts led Custer down Medicine Tail Coulee, across the Little Bighorn from the Cheyenne camp...


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32. White Cow Bull
Sioux warrior

Before Crazy Horse could get there, though, Custer charged across the Little Bighorn to attack the village at Medicine Tail Coulee and was shot out of the saddle in the middle of the river by White Cow Bull...


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33. Soldier Wolf
Cheyenne warrior

After Custer was shot at Medicine Tail Coulee, the two sides "for quite a time fought in the bottom" from opposite sides of the Little Bighorn River...


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34. Goes Ahead
Arikara scout

During this period, before they were under heavy Indian attack, Custer's men fired "two volleys," interpreted by Reno's men as a distress signal and location indicator...


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35. White Shield
Cheyenne warrior

Northern Cheyenne war chief Contrary Big Belly was one of the leaders when the Indians crossed the Little Bighorn and counter-attacked Custer's troops...


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36. Kill Eagle
Sioux war chief

"Vast numbers of Indians" rushed straight at Custer's now leaderless troops and drove the Americans back up the hill...


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37. Wooden Leg
Cheyenne warrior

Southern Cheyenne war chief Lame White Man was one of the leaders when the Indian counter-attack drove Custer's men back along Calhoun Ridge, where Lame White Man was killed...


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38. Mrs. Spotted
Horn Bull

Sioux observer

After Custer's men were driven back from the Little Bighorn River, Crazy Horse led a strong party of Cheyennes across the river to flank the retreating Americans...


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39. Edward Godfrey
American officer

Crazy Horse flanked Custer's retreating troops, repeating the deadly manuever he had used to destroy Reno's line in the timber just a few minutes before...


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40. Flying Hawk
Sioux warrior

Circling around behind Custer's troops, Crazy Horse gave his horse to Flying Hawk while he sniped the Seventh Cavalry soldiers on Calhoun Hill and studied the situation...


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41. Drags The Rope
Sioux youth

New recruits like young Drags The Rope swelled Crazy Horse's forces...


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42. He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse led the charge that split Custer's right flank on Calhoun Hill into "two bunches"...


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43. Red Feather
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse rode between the split portions of Custer's right flank blowing on his eagle horn...


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44. Lazy White Bull
Sioux warrior

Lazy White Bull said he rode ahead of Crazy Horse when Crazy Horse made his famous dash between the split portions of Custer's right flank, but no one else remembered it that way...


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45. Foolish Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse led a charge that hit a portion of Custer's disintegrating line head on, and then split and "slashed at it from both sides" as the warriors rode the length of the Bluecoats' line...


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46. Ohiyesa
Sioux chronicler

Crazy Horse, Ice Bear and Little Horse led the charge that annihilated the last troopers at the crest of Last Stand Hill...


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47. Flying Hawk
Sioux warrior

At the very end of the Custer fight, Crazy Horse rode after, caught, and killed an American trooper who tried to escape on a fast horse...


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48. Horn Chips
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse killed 16 American soldiers in the Custer fight, plus 15 in Reno fight, for a total of 31 Americans killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn...


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49. Short Bull
Sioux warrior

As at the Battle of the Rosebud nine days before, Crazy Horse was again commander-in-chief of the free Sioux and Cheyenne military forces when the Indians withdrew on June 26, 1876...


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50. Charles Windolph
American soldier

The Sioux and Cheyenne withdrawal on June 26, 1876 was like "some Biblical exodus; the Israelites moving into Egypt; a mighty tribe on the march..."


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51. Little Soldier
Sioux warrior

Little Soldier said Crazy Horse was the "greatest warrior" at the battle...


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52. Water Man
Arapaho warrior

Waterman said Crazy Horse was "the bravest man" he ever saw...


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53. Feather Earring
Sioux warrior

Feather Earring said Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull "got good reputation" at the Battle of the Little Bighorn...


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54. Crow King
Sioux war chief

Crow King said Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse were the "great chiefs" of the battle...

   
      Updated May 21, 2011
Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
Timeline: The Rosebud

Sioux, Cheyenne and American...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse at the Battle of the Rosebud
presented in chronological order, beginning just before the battle...


Free Sample from Bruce Brown's 100 Voices
1. Weasel Bear
Cheyenne warrior

When the free Cheyenne learned in early June 1876 that an American army had invaded their land, and the Americans intended to imprison them on reservations, "Word was sent to Crazy Horse..."


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2. Gall
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse was the Indian commander at the Battle of the Rosebud...


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3. Respects Nothing
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse was the Indian commander at the Battle of the Rosebud...


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4. Lazy White Bull
Sioux warrior

The Sioux / Cheyenne force rode all night to strike Crook on the Rosebud on the morning of June 17, 1876...


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5. John Bourke
American officer

Crazy Horse's plan for a grand trap at the Battle of the Rosebud...


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6. Henry Lemly
American soldier

Shortly after 8 a.m. on June 17, 1876, Crook's men were dismounted and resting, some with saddle girths loosened, when Crazy Horse's first charge of the battle swept down upon them...


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7. Anson Mills
American officer

"The Indians came not in a line but in flocks or herds like buffalo, and they piled upon us until I think there must have been one thousand or fifteen hundred in our immediate front..."


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8. Frank Grouard
American Scout

Half of the American soldiers would have been killed in Crazy Horse's first charge, if not for the valor of Crook's Crow and Shoshoni scouts...


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9. John Finerty
American officer

Crazy Horse's first charge, and the Americans' counter-charge...


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10. Little Hawk
Cheyenne warrior

Cheyenne woman warrior, Buffalo Calf Road, rescued her brother, Comes In Sight, whose horse was shot out from under him on the first charge...


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11. Short Bull
Sioux warrior

"Crazy Horse, Bad Heart Bull, Black Deer, Kicking Bear and Good Weasel rallied the Sioux..."


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12. Young Two Moon
Cheyenne war chief

"There was now fighting all along the line..."


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13. John Bourke
American officer

"The Sioux and the Cheyenne were extremely bold and fierce..."


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14. John Finerty
American officer

The "wild foemen" and their savage style of fighting...


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15. Anson Mills
American officer

"The Indians proved then and there that they were the best cavalry soldiers on earth..."


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16. John Finerty
American officer

Humpy rescued Sgt. Van Moll...


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17. Lazy White Bull
Sioux warrior

One Bull rescued Rooster; Lazy White Bull rescued mortally wounded Black Sun...


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18. John Bourke
American officer

John Bourke rescued badly wounded Trumpeter Snow...


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19. Young Two Moon
Cheyenne war chief

"Young Two Moon thought this was his last day..." but White Shield saved his life...


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20. John Finerty
American officer

Crazy Horse commanded his forces by mirror flash from high ground...


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21. John Bourke
American officer

Crazy Horse and Crook played a game of chase and retreat...


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22. Wooden Leg
Cheyenne warrior

Wooden Leg recalled: "Sometimes we chased them, sometimes they chased us."


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23. Henry Lemly
American soldier

"The Sioux ponies always outdistanced our grain-fed American horses..."


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24. Anson Mills
American Officer

Crook divided his command, sending Mills to capture a non-existent Indian village he believed was nearby...


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25. John Bourke
American officer

Crazy Horse nearly captured several American officers, including two on Crook's staff...


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26. John Bourke
American officer

Crazy Horse's warriors shot Crook's horse out from under him......


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27. John Bourke
American officer

Crook ordered his men to fall back, but before the order could be carried out......


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28. John Bourke
American officer

Crazy Horse attacked Crook's flank and rear, hitting troops commanded by William B. Royall...


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29. William Bordeaux
Sioux chronicler

"The attack was not staged in one mass but relayed in formations, a style of fighting initiated by Crazy Horse and sometimes successful in encircling troops."


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30. Anson Mills
American officer

Crazy Horse's warriors cut Crook's over-extended flank to pieces, "charging bodily and rapidly through the soldiers, knocking them from their horses with lances and knives, dismounting and killing them, cutting the arms of several off at the elbows in the midst of the fight and carrying them away..."


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31. John Finerty
American officer

Troops commanded by Guy V. Henry helped save the over-extended American Third Cavalry, but in the process Henry was struck by "a bullet which passed through both cheek bones, broke the bridge of his nose, and destroyed the optic nerve in one eye..."


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32. Anson Mills
American officer

Crazy Horse's mauling of Royall forced Crook to recall Mills and the men he had sent to find the Indians' village...


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33. Henry Lemly
American soldier

As Crook consolidated his forces, Crazy Horse withdrew his forces into the Canyon of the Rosebud...


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34. Frank Grouard
American scout

Grouard warned Crook that Crazy Horse would kill every single American if they tried to follow the Indians into the Canyon of the Rosebud...


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35. Henry Lemly
American soldier

When Crook's Indian scouts flatly refused to follow the Sioux and Cheyenne into the Canyon of the Rosebud, the battle effectively ended...


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36. Henry Lemly
American soldier

"Crook's enemies say he was 'outgeneralled' by Crazy Horse..."


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37. Anson Mills
American officer

"We had been most humiliatingly defeated..."


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38. Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse showed "good judgement" at the Rosebud


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39. Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse "whipped them" at the Rosebud...


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40. Spotted Calf
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse refused to join the celebration on the night of June 17, 1876 after his great victory at the Battle of the Rosebud because he said he expected another battle with the Americans soon...

      Updated November 19, 2010
Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
Indian Wars


Sioux and Cheyenne...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse in action
against the
Crow, Shoshoni, Arapaho and Ute Indians...


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Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse's bravery against the Shoshoni when he saved the life of his younger brother, Little Hawk...


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Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse saved the life of his brother, Little Hawk...


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Crazy Horse
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse's own account of saving Little Hawk's life...


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse gave his younger brother, Little Hawk, his first coup in a battle against the Utes...


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Red Feather
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse and the battle called "The Time Hump Was Killed By The Crow"


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse and the battle called "The Time Hump Was Killed By The Crow"


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Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse and the battle called "The Time Yellow Shirt Was Killed By The Crow"


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse at the battle the Sioux called "The Time They Chased The Crow Back To Camp"


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse and He Dog 's glory against the Crow


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse's bravery against the Arapaho

 

Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
Warrior and war chief

Sioux, Cheyenne, Arapaho and American...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse as a warrior...


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse always led his men in battle, riding at the front


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Philip Sheridan
American officer

Crazy Horse "always leads and he never allows his men to close up on him..."


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse "is in front and... if he shoots down an enemy, he does not count coup."


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Anonymous Crow
Crow warrior

"We know Crazy Horse" because "whenever we have a fight, he is closer to us than to you."


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Frank Grouard
American scout

"Crazy Horse was the Napoleon among the Sioux..."


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse liked to have battles planned out


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse "had an organization" of crack troops


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John Finerty
American officer

At the Battle of the Rosebud, Crazy Horse controlled the free Indian forces by mirror flash


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William Bordeaux
Sioux chronicler

On the Powder River, a Socratic Crazy Horse asked his sub-commanders, "how about it?"


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Horn Chips
Sioux holy man

As a battlefield maneuver, Crazy Horse apparently trained his pony to rear and dance wildly, somewhat like levade in European dressage...


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

On the Powder River, Crazy Horse said, "These soldiers like to shoot. I am going to give them a chance to do all the shooting they want to do..."


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Billy Garnett
American Indian Agency interpreter

At the Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse ordered his men to let the Americans "get their guns hot so they would not work so well..."


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William Bordeaux
Sioux chronicler

At the Battle of the Rosebud, Crazy Horse's attack "was not staged in one mass but relayed in formations, a style of fighting initiated by Crazy Horse and sometimes successful in encircling troops."


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Iron Hawk
Sioux warrior

At the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse led the charge that smashed Reno's defensive line in the timber...


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

At the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse led the charge that split Custer's right flank on Calhoun Hill into "two bunches"...


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Red Feather
Sioux warrior

At the Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse rode between the split portions of Custer's right flank blowing on his eagle horn...


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Foolish Elk
Sioux warrior

At the Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse led a charge that hit a portion of Custer's disintegrating line head on, and then split and "slashed at it from both sides" as the warriors rode the length of the Bluecoats' line...


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Ohiyesa
Sioux chronicler

At the Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse, Ice Bear and Little Horse led the charge that annihilated the last troopers at the crest of Last Stand Hill...


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Flying Hawk
Sioux warrior

At the very end at the Little Bighorn, Crazy Horse rode after, caught, and killed an American trooper who tried to escape on a fast horse...


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Water Man
Arapaho warrior

Waterman said Crazy Horse was "the bravest man" he ever saw...


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Frank Grouard
American scout

"Crazy Horse was the bravest man he ever met..."


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse frequently dismounted to shoot for maximum accuracy


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse "always stuck close to his rifle"

Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
His appearance

Sioux and American...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse's appearance...


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Little Killer
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse had "brown hair like a white man's and a long straight nose..."


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Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse had "black eyes that hardly ever looked straight at a man, but they didn't miss much that was going on, all the same..."


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New York Sun Reporter
American journalist

Crazy Horse's "eyes are exceedingly restless and impress the beholder fully as much as does his general demeanor...."


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Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse's "eyes looked through things and he always seemed to be thinking hard about something..."


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Susan Bordeaux Bettelyoun
American daughter of trader
James Bordeaux

Crazy Horse was "a very handsome young man..."


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Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse would joke around in his own tepee, "but around the village he hardly ever noticed anybody, except little children..."


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Horn Chips
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse was "a quiet fellow..."


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Flying Hawk
Sioux warrior

"Crazy Horse was quiet and not inclined to associate with others..."


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Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse "never was excited..."


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse was shot point blank in the face "just below the left nostril," scarring him for life


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse was "shot through the head below the eye..."


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Frank Grouard
American scout

Crazy Horse had gun "powder marks on one side of his face..."


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New York Sun Reporter
American journalist

Crazy Horse had a scar from "a bullet wound through his left cheek..."


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George Oaks
American teamster

Crazy Horse "had quite a scar on his left cheek..."


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Horn Chips
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse had a scar on the right side of his face...


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John Bourke
American officer

Crazy Horse was "lithe and sinewy and with a scar in the face. The expression of his countenance was one of quiet dignity..."


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Lazy White Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse "had white spots painted here and there on his face for protection in battle..."


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Horn Chips

Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse painted red lightning on his face for war...


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse "never wore a war bonnet..."

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Billy Garnett
American Indian Agency interpreter

Crazy Horse "never wore a war bonnet..."


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Horn Chips

Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse "never wore a war bonnet..."


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse had his "eagle horn" -- his sacred eagle bone war whistle -- "with him at all times..."


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Frank Huston
American scout

Crazy Horse "wore the long white 'stole' over his shoulders as insignia, and also to tie himself to his planted lance in a fight to the death."


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Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse"usually wore a Iroquois shell necklace..."


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Susan Bordeaux Bettelyoun
American daughter of trader
James Bordeaux

Crazy Horse's "scalp lock was ornamented with beads and hung clear to his waist; his braids were wrapped in fur...."


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William Bordeaux
Sioux chronicler

Crazy Horse liked to wear a red blanket he took from a frieght shipment his men intercepted in 1867 after the Fort Kearny fight...


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Frank Grouard
American scout

Crazy Horse "appeared much younger than his age..."


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Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse rode a pinto at the Little Bighorn

       


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Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse "never wanted to have many things for himself, and did not have many ponies like a chief..."


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Thunder Tail
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse said, "take this message -- I shall go slowly" to any meeting with Americans hungry for for more Lakota land


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Valentine McGillycuddy
American Army physician and Indian Agent

"Crazy Horse... was a good man, and I would trust him anywhere..."


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Baptiste Pourier
American trader and frontiersman

"Crazy Horse was as fine an Indian as he ever knew..."

      Updated April 13, 2011
Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
Photos (not)

Supposed photos of Crazy Horse...


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Billy Garnett
American Indian Agency interpreter

Crazy Horse "never had his picture taken...He was very peculiar about this..."


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Horn Chips
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse "never had his photo taken..."


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Valentine McGillycuddy
American Army physician and Indian Agent

"I tried hard to have one taken of him in 1877," but Crazy Horse woudn't allow it...


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Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Short Bull said he had seen three photos of Crazy Horse, all showing him on horseback...

Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
His wives

Sioux and American...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse's women...


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Little Killer
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse's women


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He Dog
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse's women


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Baptiste Pourier
American frontiersman

Crazy Horse's women


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Susan Bordeaux Bettelyoun
American daughter of trader James Bordeaux

Crazy Horse's women

Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
Dream Visions

Sioux and American...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse's Visions...


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Crazy Horse
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse dreamed "I was sitting on a hill or rise, and something touched me on the head..."


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Black Elk
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse "dreamed and went into the world where there is nothing but the spirits of all things..."


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Billy Garnett
American Indian Agency interpreter

Crazy Horse dreamed "a man on horseback came out of the lake..."


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Frank Grouard
American scout

Crazy Horse dreamed he saw "a mighty eagle soaring far above him..."


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Fool's Crow
Sioux holy man

Crazy Horse's Great Vision...

Crazy Horse In Action
Lightning photo by hugo
photo: hugo
Overview
Against the Americans at the Little Bighorn
Against the Americans at the Rosebud
Against the Crows, Shoshonis, Arapahoes, Utes
Warrior and war chief
His appearance
Photographs (not)
His wives
His dream visions
With Little Hawk

This is a FREE EXCERPT from
Bruce Brown's 100 Voices...


Crazy Horse in Action...
Little Hawk

Sioux and Cheyenne...
Eyewitness accounts of Crazy Horse and his younger brother, Little Hawk...


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Dr. Charles
Eastman

Sioux chronicler

Crazy Horse, Little Hawk and the grizzly bear...


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Short Bull
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse's bravery against the Shoshoni when he saved the life of his younger brother, Little Hawk...


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Crazy Horse
Sioux war chief

Crazy Horse's own account of saving Little Hawk's life...


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse gave his younger brother, Little Hawk, his first coup in a battle against the Utes...


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Eagle Elk
Sioux warrior

Crazy Horse killed a horse over the grave of his brother, Little Hawk...

Updated June 13, 2010


This is a FREE EXCERPT from Bruce Brown's
100 Voices

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More Crazy Horse
Eye-witness Resources

* The Winter Count of Crazy Horse's Life: circa 1840 - 1877

* The Complete Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger: May 6, 1877

* The Chicago Times story: May 7, 1877

* The May 27, 1877 New York Sun story

* Bogus Crazy Horse Photos: Crazy Horse and Black Shawl Woman (Not)

* Sioux and Cheyenne battlefield tactics during the American wars of imperial conquest on the High Plains

David Humphrey Miller's 1939 sketch of Crazy Horse's famous "eagle horn," or eagle bone war whistle...

Who Killed Custer by Bruce Brown audio book edition cover